Dental braces are appliances which are used to align or straighten the teeth and guide the teeth to the new corrected position. They are generally made up of wires, brackets, and bands. Braces aid to correct irregular teeth positioning, jaw correction, improvement in chewing and improve smile aesthetics.
The major reason for getting Braces on is to improve the facial appearance and also to correct conditions like open bite, jaw structure, crossbite etc.
This is a stage where permanent teeth replace primary teeth which aid in appearance, speech, and digestion. During this phase, people can face many issues which can be corrected by Braces. These issues include:
A stage where one has a combination of both primary and permanent teeth in the mouth is called Mixed Dentition. Wearing Braces in this stage cure the following problems:
Every individual is different. Orthodontic treatment can be started as young as 11 years old. There is no upper limit in terms of age for Braces.If you have good oral health and firm teeth, you can get braces at any age. But prognosis of treatment changes when the age of patient is more.
These are the traditional and most common type of braces used. The metal braces used today are much more comfortable and smaller in size. These require elastics which come in a variety of colours to tie the wire to the braces. These wires use your body heat to move teeth more quickly and less painfully. There is no age limit, as patients of all ages can choose to straighten their teeth using metal braces.
These are metal Brackets with a shutter or lock system and do not require the use of elastic to tie the wire. In comparison to traditional metal braces, metal self-ligating braces are more comfortable and more smaller in size. These are helpful in achieving the arch expansion and minimize the need for extraction.
Ceramic braces are the ones with clear brackets. They use tooth color and blends more naturally within your teeth. The shape and size are the same as compared to metal braces. These are less visible on the teeth and as a result, are preferred by older teenagers and adults who might have esthetic concerns. Sometimes, even the wires used are of tooth colour which makes it less noticeable. Being less prominent, they require more care and protection compared to metal braces as they are larger and more brittle in nature. It require extra protection, hence, are used more in upper teeth than lower.
Lingual Braces are metal braces which are placed behind the teeth. These metallic braces can be made either of silver or gold. The individual Bracket is customized using CAD-CAM / 3D Designing technology. The treatment is highly aesthetic and also less visible. This, might can cause mild speech difficulties during the course of the treatment.
Clear Aligners are medical grade plastic trays that won’t require any braces or wire. They are totally invisible hence; its aesthetic concerns are duly met and make them very appealing with adults who need orthodontic treatment. Though placed inside they do not have any food restrictions associated with it. On the other hand, transparent braces are much more highly comfortable and hygienic. Clear Aligners also hide existing gaps between teeth.
The cost of braces and aligners completely depends from person to person and also depending on the teeth alignment & multiple other factors. There is no standardisation of charges for braces and aligner treatment for patients. At that first appointment, the dentist will examine you and take an OPG x-ray of your mouth. He or she will be able to offer you an exact estimate of the cost of the braces and aligners along with the duration of treatment based on this information available.